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Ramiro Fernández: “In order to respond to the last IPCC report for 1.5° C, it is essential to accelerate implementation of the current NDCs”

Ramiro Fernández: “In order to respond to the last IPCC report for 1.5° C, it is essential to accelerate implementation of the current NDCs”

On December 8th, during COP24 (in Katowice, Poland), the EUROCLIMA+ programme, funded by the European Union, is organising the discussion “Progress and challenges in the implementation of NDCs in Latin America and the Caribbean: How to increase ambition in the region?” To learn more about the challenges of NDC implementation in Latin America, we spoke with Ramiro Fernández, director of Climate Change and New Economy for Latin America of the Avina Foundation.

Why is it important to increase ambition for NDCs in Latin America?

As the Emissions Gap Report 2018 mentions, the current number of NDCs submitted by the countries in the context of the Paris Agreement is still not enough to keep us below 1.5° C, since they take us to a 3° C scenario. All the countries knew when they signed the Paris Agreement that it would be necessary to find mechanisms to increase their ambition in future contributions.


If we want to respond to the last IPCC report for 1.5° C, it is essential to accelerate the implementation of current NDCs. In this regard, in a study of best practices for NDC implementation prepared by ECLAC in the framework of the EUROCLIMA+ programme, it has been identified that some innovative experiences are being generated in the region, in countries such as Costa Rica, Argentina , Chile and Mexico, for good cooperation opportunities to accelerate NDC implementation.

How are governments progressing with NDC implementation?

On the one hand, countries and regional governments are creating the necessary institutional and legal mechanisms to be able to comply with their climate commitments under the Paris Agreement. Some governments are beginning to organise to fulfil these commitments. We see that Argentina has created a high-level entity, the National Climate Change Cabinet that, among other functions, facilitates NDC implementation through measures and sectoral action plans. Moreover, the Government of Peru has created a multi-governmental space, the Multisectoral Working Group (Spanish acronym GTM), to offer enabling tools and conditions that facilitate implementation. The same is happening with other countries in the region.

In addition to the role of governments, complying with current NDCs requires the efforts of other actors. Here the private sector, civil society, indigenous peoples, and local and subnational governments that are developing many activities and actions to face climate change play an important role, and they are not always being counted among the measures and possible solutions of the national governments.

It is important to create conditions to gather and bring to the table those commitments and climate actions of non-state actors that can incentivise an increase in ambition.

How is Avina contributing to the promotion of climate action among non-state actors?

From Avina we are promoting climate action at the regional level through the Action LAC platform and we have made a declaration of commitments at the level of the Argentine, Paraguayan and Bolivian Chaco involving a large number of organisations. At the same time, we are part of the global alliance “Alliances for Climate Action” together with WWF, and other institutions that seek to engage non-state actors in contributing to NDC implementation nationally.


What results are expected at COP24 for our region?

We hope that at COP24 we can define implementation mechanisms for the Paris Agreement, and thus complete the regulation of the NDCs and increase future ambition. These issues are related to the reporting, measurement and verification rules that are defined so that the NDCs can be compared. One of the challenges we face today is that the NDCs were formulated based on criteria for each country, using different measurement systems that make comparison difficult.

For Latin America especially, it is very important that this COP defines the implementation mechanisms in terms of financing commitments made to developing countries by developed countries.

For more information

If you are attending COP24, we invite you to participate in the two side events organised by EUROCLIMA+:

Progress and challenges in NDC implementation in Latin America and the Caribbean: How to increase ambition in the region?
Time: 9:00 am (GMT+1) 
Venue: NDC Partnership Pavilion, Room E #22

EUROCLIMA +, a flagship cooperation programme of the European Union promotes environmentally sustainable and climate-resilient development in Latin American countries, under its Climate Governance component, through the strategic alliance of the German International Cooperation Agency (GIZ) and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), with support from the  Avina Foundation to develop the initiative “Dialogue between Peers to Enhance NDC implementation”.

Under the “Dialogue between peers” initiative, this side event is organised in the context of COP24, where the main progress and challenges in NDC implementation in Latin America and the Caribbean will be reported. There will also be a dialogue on opportunities to increase ambition and climate action in the region, based on the experiences of the countries and agencies that provide technical support to these Latin American governments for complying with climate commitments made under the Paris Agreement framework.

EUROCLIMA+ in action: Promoting sustainable mobility with local actors in Latin America

Time: 10:30 am (GMT+1) 

Venue: European Pavilion, Brussels Hall

In this side event, the current and potential situation of urban mobility in Latin America and the prospects for sustainable and electric mobility in the region will be presented, along with selected actions developed under the EUROCLIMA+ framework with national and local Latin American actors countries for moving towards sustainable mobility.

EUROCLIMA+ is currently working on the implementation of 19 urban mobility projects with local and national Latin American authorities, promoting electric mobility in several countries and contributing to national-local vertical articulation for better climate governance.

Keep up-to-date on both events here: https://www.facebook.com/events/270464096946590/


EUROCLIMA+ is a programme funded by the European Union to promote environmentally sustainable and climate-resilient development in 18 Latin American countries, particularly for the benefit of the most vulnerable populations. The Programme is implemented under the synergistic work of seven agencies: Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), French Development Agency (AFD), Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Expertise France (EF), International and Ibero-American Foundation for Administration and Public Policies (FIIAPP), German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) and UN Environment.

About Ramiro Fernández

Ramiro specialised in climate change and energy. He promotes participatory energy planning and the promotion of renewable energies in Chile and Argentina. In 2014 and 2015, he acted as advisor to Manuel Pulgar Vidal, former Minister of the Environment in Peru in his role as president of COP20. An alliance between the government of Peru, France and the Secretary General of the United Nations was promoted to accelerate climate action once the Paris Agreement was signed.

He now advises different national governments in the implementation of their commitments under the Paris Agreement, working with municipalities, companies and civil society organisations. He is a member of the Advisory Council of “Momentum for Change”, an initiative of the UNFCCC and the “One Planet City Challenge” of WWF.

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